1. This Agreement provides for a democratically elected assembly in Northern Ireland, whose composition is inclusive, capable of exercising executive and legislative power and subject to safeguards to protect the rights and interests of all Parties to the Community. The British Army suspended operations in Northern Ireland from 1 August 2007, ending a 38-year presence in Northern Ireland. This decision reduced the size of British troops to 5,000, which was consistent with a normal peaceful society as proposed in the peace agreement.1 The Independent Oversight Commission also confirmed the reduction of British troops in Northern Ireland.2 As part of the agreement, the British Parliament repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920 (which had established Northern Ireland, And the people of the Republic of Ireland amended Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of Ireland, which affirmed a territorial claim over Northern Ireland. The deal brought republicans and unionists together after decades of political conflict in Northern Ireland The multi-party agreement committed the parties to use “any influence they may have” to bring about the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of referendums approving the deal. The standardisation process committed the BRITISH government to reducing the number and role of its armed forces in Northern Ireland “to a level compatible with a normal peaceful society”. These included the removal of security features and the elimination of special emergency powers in Northern Ireland. The Irish government has committed to a “comprehensive review” of its crimes against state law. While the IRA seemed determined to dismantle its weapons, the Unionists were not satisfied. The 1. In June 2001, David Trimble resigned as Prime Minister. In addition, three IRA suspects were arrested in Colombia for allegedly supporting FARC guerrillas. Under enormous pressure, the IRA announced on 23 October that it had begun a process to put the weapons out of service.

However, the IICD review did not satisfy all unionists.1 A copy of the agreement was sent to each chamber in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland for reading before a referendum was held when they could vote on it. Issues of sovereignty, civil and cultural rights, weapons dismantling, demilitarization, justice and law enforcement were at the heart of the agreement. Under that agreement, the British and Irish Governments undertook to hold referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998 respectively. The referendum in Northern Ireland was aimed at approving the agreement reached during the multi-party negotiations. The referendum in the Republic of Ireland was aimed at approving the BRITANNICO-Irish Agreement and facilitating the amendment of the Constitution of Ireland in accordance with the Agreement. With a view to promoting equality in employment, the Northern Ireland Act (1998) also provided for the establishment of the Equality Commission, which began its work on 1 September 1999.1 “The Good Friday Agreement: Equality Commission for Northern Ireland”, BBC News, May 2006, accessed 21 January 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/equality/equality. The agreement provided for the establishment of an independent commission to review police regulation in Northern Ireland, “including ways to promote broad community support” for these arrangements. The UK government has also committed to a “comprehensive review” of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland.

After the peace agreement, the Loyalist Volunteer Force – a Protestant paramilitary group in Northern Ireland – announced a “clear” ceasefire before the referendum and campaigned for a “no”.2 After the referendum, which took place on 22 May 1998, the radical republican group called the Real Irish Republican Army (RIRA), a splinter faction of the IRA, detonated a bomb in the town of Omagh, 55 miles west of Belfast, on 15 August 1998. The attack killed 28 people and injured more than 200.3 Immediately after the attack, RIRA apologized and called for a ceasefire.4 2. The Participants also note that the two Governments have therefore undertaken, as part of this comprehensive political agreement, to amend the Constitution of Ireland and the Constitution of Ireland respectively. of the United Kingdom legislation on the constitutional status of Northern Ireland. On Friday, April 10, 1998, at 5:30 p.m.m., an American politician named George Mitchell, who chaired the talks, said: “I am pleased to inform you that the two governments and the political parties of Northern Ireland have reached an agreement.” The Good Friday Agreement provided for the establishment of the Independent International Commission on Dismantling (ICCI) to monitor, verify and verify the complete disarmament of all paramilitary organizations. The deadline for the completion of disarmament was May 2000. The Northern Ireland Weapons Dismantling Act 1997, which received Royal Assent on 27 February 1997, contained in section 7 a provision on the establishment of an independent dismantling commission. The law was promulgated before the agreement was signed in 1998. As a result, the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning was established at the signing of the agreement, headed by Canadian General John de Chastelain.1 However, disarmament did not begin in 1998. Unionists and Republicans differed in interpreting the dismantling formulation, as Republicans claimed they had no formal connection to the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and were therefore unable to influence the IRA. The issue of dismantling delayed the formation of the executive branch of power-sharing: David Trimble of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) refused to form the government after the July 1998 elections,2 “The Good Friday Agreement – Decommissioning”, BBC News, May 2006, accessed 31 January 2013 www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/decommis. Therefore, dismantling did not begin in 1998.

Various groups violated the ceasefire in 1998. In January 1998, peace talks nearly collapsed when The Loyalist Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) admitted their involvement in the murder of three Catholics, violating the ceasefire. After this admission, the UFF halted its campaign against the killing of Catholics.1 Talks continued and the parties reached a final agreement and signed a comprehensive peace agreement on April 10, 1998. The vague wording of some of the provisions, described as “constructive ambiguity”[8], helped to ensure acceptance of the agreement and postponed debate on some of the most contentious issues. These include paramilitary dismantling, police reform and the standardisation of Northern Ireland. On 10 April 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or Belfast Agreement) was signed. This agreement helped end a period of conflict in the region known as the Troubles. The multi-party agreement is an agreement between the British Government, the Irish Government and most of the political parties in Northern Ireland.

It sets out the support of the signatory parties to the British-Irish Agreement and provides the framework for various political institutions. It is divided into three parts: in January 2017, Martin McGuinness resigned from his post in protest at a political scandal surrounding new Premier Arlene Foster, bringing down executive power. He also highlighted the long-term problems where the DUP does not respect the commitments to fundamental equality set out in its agreements. The idea of the agreement was to get the two sides to work together in a group called the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Assembly would take certain decisions previously taken by the British Government in London. In addition, the UK government has committed to creating a new statutory equality commission to replace the Fair Employment Commission, the Equal Opportunities Commission (NI), the Racial Equality Commission (NI) and the Disability Council. The establishment of the Equality Commission was provided for in the Northern Ireland Act (1998). The Commission was finally established on 1 March 19992 “The Good Friday Agreement: Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission”, BBC News, May 2006, accessed 21 January 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/equality/hr2.shtm.

was put into operation on 1 September 1999.3 “The Good Friday Agreement: Equality Commission for Northern Ireland”, BBC News, May 2006, accessed 21 January 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/equality/equality. In May/June 1999, the Commission conducted an opinion poll to understand public attitudes towards policing in Northern Ireland. The Commission also visited various locations, including several locations, including the United Kingdom, South Africa, Spain and the United States. On 9 September 1999, the Northern Ireland Independent Police Commission presented its report and made recommendations on issues related to human rights, accountability, community policing, police structure, size of the police service, composition of the police service and other matters. The Commission made 175 recommendations.1 Trade union policy responses to the report and its recommendations were not positive.2 “Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland,” BBC News, accessed January 29, 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/commissi. The agreement consists of two interrelated documents, both of which were agreed in Belfast on Good Friday, 10 April 1998: the suspension of power-sharing lasted until 24 November 2006, when a transitional assembly was established.1 The British-Irish Agreement is an agreement between the British and Irish governments. .